Mnemonics

Greek: mnēmonikós - of, relating to memory

"A device, such as a verse or formula or rhyme, used as an aid in remembering concepts. Named for Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory in Greek mythology, mnemonics are also called memoria technica. The principle is to create in the mind an artificial structure that incorporate unfamiliar ideas or, especially, a series of dissociated ideas by themselves are difficult to remember. Ideally, the structure is designed so that its parts are mutually suggestive."

Mnemonic device

"FLAT PIG"

Explanation

Anterior Pituitary Hormones:
F - FSH
L - LH
A - ACTH
P - Prolactin
I - (Ignore)
G - GH


Mnemonic device

"FLAGTOP"

Explanation

Anterior Pituitary Hormones:
F - FSH
L - LH
A - ACTH
G - GH
T - Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
O - MSH - Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone
P - Prolactin


Mnemonic device

"Garlic Cloves Smell Exquisite"

Explanation

Gastrointestinal Hormones:
Hormone: Gastrin
Source: Gastric Mucosa
Target: Stomach
Triggers: Food in stomach, psychic factors
Effects: Increased HCl secretion and gastric emptying

Hormone: Cholecystokinin
Source: Duodenal Mucosa
Target: Gall Bladder and Pancreas
Triggers: Amino acids, peptides, fatty acids in duodenum
Effects: Contraction of gall bladder and secretion of pancreatic juice

Hormone: Secretin
Source: Gastric Mucosa
Target: Pancreas
Triggers: Acid in duodenum
Effects: Increased bicarbonate secretion

Hormone: Enterogastrone (Gastric Inhibitory Peptide)
Source: Duodenal Mucosa
Target: Stomach
Triggers: Fat digestion products in duodenum
Effects: Decreases gastric emptying


Mnemonic device

"STENGG"

Explanation

Hormones that increase blood glucose:
Somatotropin (Growth Hormone)
Thyroid Hormones (Throxine and triiodothyronine)
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Glucagon
Glucocorticoids


Mnemonic device

"GPA & B-FLAT"

Explanation

Anterior pituitary hormones: Acidophilic vs Basophilic

Acidophilic: GPA
Growth hormone
Prolactin

Basophilic: FLAT
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Leutenizing Hormone
Adreno Cortico Tropin Hormone
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone


Mnemonic device

"Eat Tender Chicken Chunks Elegantly"

Explanation

Proteases in the Duodenum:
Enterokinase, Trypsin, Chymotrypsin, Carboxypeptidase and Elastase.
Note: The first enzyme is produced in intestinal mucosal cells, while the others are produced in inactive precursor forms in the pancreas.

Enterokinase converts trypsinogen into trypsin.

Trypsin converts:
Trypsinogen into trypsin
Chymotrypsinogen into chymotrypsin
Procarboxypeptidase into carboxypeptidase
Proelastase into elastase


Mnemonic device

"SEVEN UP"

Explanation

Path of Sperm in the Male Reproductive Tract:
Seminiferous tubules, Epididymis, Vas deferens, Ejaculatory Duct, N(Nothing), Urethra and Penis.


Mnemonic device

"FOL(d)M(a)PS"

Explanation

Menstruation:
Ovarian Cycle: Follicular phase, Ovulatory phase, and Luteal phase.
Menstrual Cycle: Menstrual flow, Proliferative phase, and Secretory phase.


Mnemonic device

"Maggie May Does Not Smoke"

Explanation

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Deviations:
Mutations, Migration, genetic Drift, Non-random mating, and Selection.


Mnemonic device

"BRIM GERL"
"No Class Monday oR Friday"

Explanation

Type of Ribosome and Protein Destination:
Bound Ribosome- Integral Membrane, Golgi, Endoplasmic Reticulum, and Lysosome.
Free Ribosome - Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Mitochondria.


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