Mnemonics

Greek: mnēmonikós - of, relating to memory

"A device, such as a verse or formula or rhyme, used as an aid in remembering concepts. Named for Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory in Greek mythology, mnemonics are also called memoria technica. The principle is to create in the mind an artificial structure that incorporate unfamiliar ideas or, especially, a series of dissociated ideas by themselves are difficult to remember. Ideally, the structure is designed so that its parts are mutually suggestive."

Mnemonic device

"NIPPLES"

Explanation

Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases caused
Necrotising fasciitis and myositis
Impetigo
Pharyngitis
Pneumonia
Lymphangitis
Erysipelas and cellulitis
Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TSS


Mnemonic device

"ATE eggs"

Explanation

Nematodes: ones spreading by egg ingestion
Ascaris lumbricoides
Trichuris trichuira
Enterobius vermicularis
Spread by ingestion of eggs (vs skin invasion or insect bite)


Mnemonic device

"Elementary/Initial"

Explanation

Chlamydia: elementary vs. initial body location
Elementary: Extracellular
Initial: Intracellular


Mnemonic device

"SPAM"

Explanation

Streptococcus pyogenes: antibody
Streptococcus pyogenes: Antibody to M protein


Mnemonic device

"Rough, Tough, Buff"

Explanation

Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Culture identification
Rough: Colony isn't smooth but rough like breadcrumbs.
Tough: Colony stuck to plate well, and tough to remove.
Buff: Buff is a color, a cream/coffee shade.


Mnemonic device

"Nice Strip of Ham"

Explanation

IgA protease-producing bacteria:
Neisseria
Streptococcus pneumonia
Haemophilus influenza


Mnemonic device

"STARCH"

Explanation

Placenta-crossing organisms/ antenatal Infections:
Syphilis
Toxoplasmosis
AIDS (HIV)
Rubella
CMV
Herpes/ Hepatitis


Mnemonic device

"ENDOTOXIN"

Explanation

Endotoxin features:
Endothelial cells/ Edema
Negative (gram- bacteria)
DIC/ Death
Outer membrane
TNF
O-antigen
X-tremely heat stable
IL-1
Nitric oxide/ Neutrophil chemotaxis


Mnemonic device

"Hunter puts animal in a CAGe or Caudate Atrophy Gene"
"Can't Tap, and Go"
"Congenital Gigantic Gonads"
"Genetic AtaxiA"

Explanation

Triplet Repeats:
Huntingtons: CAG
Hunter puts animal in a CAGe or Caudate Atrophy Gene: CAG

Myotonic Dystrophy: CTG
Can't Tap, and Go: CTG

Fragile X: CGG
Congenital Gigantic Gonads: CGG
C- Cardiac arrhythmias and Cataracs
T- Testicular Atrophy
G- Gets worse with generations (Anticipation)

Fredrich's Ataxia: GAA
Genetic AtaxiA GAA of Fredrich's Ataxia: GAA


Mnemonic device

"All Chaperones Must Previously Have Had Sex"
"Anthropology Can Make People Hate Helping the Sick"
"All Cool Men Prefer Having Heavy Sideburns"
"Anyone Can Make Pretty Healthy Hot Stew"
"Anyone Can Make Pepper Hot Healthy Stew"

Explanation

Sequence of Life Forms:
Anamalia
Chordata
Mamalia
Primates
Hominidae
Homo Sapiens


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